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Service Diversification, Connections, and Flexibility in Library Publishing: Rapid Publication of Research from Ukraine in Wartime

Published onDec 15, 2023
Service Diversification, Connections, and Flexibility in Library Publishing: Rapid Publication of Research from Ukraine in Wartime


Ukraine’s research funding, programs, and publishing were halted following Russia’s invasion in February 2022. Despite the obstacles imposed by wartime, the expert subgroup on technical issues and architecture of telemedicine from the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Science in Ukraine wanted to publish the results of grant-funded research. This case study outlines the experiences and challenges faced by the Ukrainian research team and their United States-based publishers, which resulted in  a special issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation “Special Issue: Research Status Report – Ukraine,” and four monographs, “New Information Technologies, Simulation, and Automation,”A Guide to TISP: Hospital Information System for Rehabilitation,” “Military Medicine: Methods of Control, Improvement in Individual Combat Readiness and Telerehabilitation of Military Personnel,” and “Ontology-driven processing of transdisciplinary domain knowledge.”

Анотація проєкту

Після вторгнення Росії в лютому 2022 року фінансування наукових досліджень, програм та публікацій в Україні було суттєво скорочено або повністю призупинено. Незважаючи на перешкоди, пов'язані з воєнним станом, експертна підгрупа з технічних питань та архітектури телемедицини Інституту кібернетики ім. В.М. Глушкова Національної академії наук України хотіла опублікувати результати досліджень, що фінансувалися за рахунок грантів. У цьому тематичному дослідженні описано досвід та виклики, з якими зіткнулися українська дослідницька група та їхні американські колеги видавці, в результаті чого вийшов спеціальний випуск Міжнародного Журналу з Телереабілітації – "Спеціальний випуск: Звіт про стан досліджень – Україна" та чотири монографії: "Нові інформаційні технології, Моделювання та Автоматизація", "Посібник з TISP: Медична Інформаційна Система Підтримки Процесів Фізичної Реабілітаційної Медицини", "Військова Медицина: Методи Контролю, Підвищення Індивідуальної Бойової Готовності та Телереабілітації Військовослужбовців" та "Онтологічне оброблення трансдисциплінарних предметних знань".


open access publishing; diamond open access publishing; library publishing partnerships; scholarly communication; library publishing in wartime

Project Links

  • Palagin, O.V., Malakhov, K.S., Velychko, V.Yu., & Semykopna, T.V. (2022). Hybrid e-rehabilitation services: SMART-system for remote support of rehabilitation activities and services. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, Special Issue: Research Status Report—Ukraine.

  • Malakhov, K. S. (2022). Letter to the editor—Update from Ukraine: Rehabilitation and research. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 14(2).

  • Malakhov, K. S. (2023). Letter to the Editor – Update from Ukraine: Development of the Cloud-based Platform for Patient-centered Telerehabilitation of Oncology Patients with Mathematical-related Modeling. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 15(1).

  • Cohn, E. R.  (2022). A special issue for challenging circumstances. International Journal of Telerehabilitation.

  • Velychko, V., Voinova, S., Granyak, V., Ivanova, L., Kudriashova, A., Kunup, T., Malakhov, K., Pikh, I., Punchenko, N., Senkivskyy, V., Sergeeva, O., Sokolova, O., Fedosov, S., Khoshaba, O., Tsyra, O., Chaplinskyy, Y., Gurskiy, O., Zavertailo, K., & Kotlyk, D. (2022). New information technologies, Simulation and automation (S. Kotlyk, Ed.). Iowa State University Digital Press.

  • Malakhov, K., Velychko, V., Palagin, O., & Prykhodniuk, V. (2022). A guide to TISP: Hospital information system for rehabilitation. Iowa State University Digital Press.

  • Chaikovsky, I., Dykhanovskyi, V., Malakhov, K., & Bocharov, M. (2023). Military medicine: Methods of control, improvement in individual combat readiness and telerehabilitation of military personnel. Iowa State University Digital Press.

  • Palagin, O., Petrenko, M., Kryvyi, S., Boyko, M., Malakhov, K. (2023). Ontology-driven processing of transdisciplinary domain knowledge. Iowa State University Digital Press.

Project Takeaways

  • Networks and connections among library publishing programs can be utilized to support the publishing needs of scholars working during wartime and other times of crisis.

    • Library publishing programs have differing areas of focus, capabilities, service, and capacity. Referrals between programs can help scholars find publishing programs that can meet their unique needs.

  • When working with scholars in times of crisis, flexibility is key for publication editors and library publishers.

    • Scholars pursuing publication during times of crisis may be impacted by research team disruption, face interruptions in communications and public utilities infrastructures, and have time constraints that differ from established publishing schedules, among other challenges.

    • Individual library publishers may not have the time to create what a particular scholar or group needs in a time of crisis. A network of publishers with different specialties working together can be most agile in a situation like this.

  • Publishers typically think of urgency and publishing speed in terms of innovation and data for scientific discovery. These same systems put in place to speed up science can also provide a rapid response for helping researchers persevere through the ravages of war.

Project Background

This project was previously reported via the Library Publishing Coalition’s blog (Inefuku et al., 2022) and will be summarized here.

Researchers in the department of computer facilities and systems and the Microprocessor Technology Lab at the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine were working on two grant-funded projects from 2020 through 2022. Their work was to develop a hybrid, cloud-based platform for the rehabilitation of cancer patients via telemedicine. When the Russian invasion of Ukraine began in February 2022, employees of the Institute fled to Western Ukraine or neighboring Poland, Romania, Hungary, and Moldova in search of safety. Even while separated by war, the team continued to collaborate across international boundaries on their work to advance the field of telehealth in Ukraine. Unfortunately, to deal with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, all funding and projects were suspended.

The team did not want to lose their work and wanted to share the results with the international community and as many people as possible through open access publishing. Facing the reality of limited funding, the team needed a publishing outlet that did not have Article Processing Charges (APCs) and that also had a significant international community of readership. From their search of databases, they identified the International Journal of Telerehabilitation(IJT) (International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 2023) as a promising outlet for their research in progress. The research team connected with the editor of the journal through the internal communication systems of Open Journal Systems when other platforms failed. This collaboration led to rapid response for their publication and new opportunities to publish and save other research monographs at risk through the connections between library publishers.

Challenges facing Ukrainian scholars

Prior to the outbreak of war, Ukrainian scholars faced a number of challenges that impacted their ability to conduct research and contribute to the academic community. Some of these challenges include: 

Language barriers. The status of English as the lingua franca of scientific publishing presents a challenge for scientists from Ukraine, a multicultural country with rich linguistic and cultural diversity. To address the dominance of English in publishing, the Helsinki Initiative on Multilingualism in Scholarly Communication was launched in 2019. This initiative aims to promote multilingualism in scholarly communication by encouraging researchers to publish their work in a variety of languages, arguing that promoting multilingualism will lead to greater diversity in research perspectives and will facilitate knowledge exchange across linguistic and cultural boundaries. The Helsinki Initiative has received support from a range of organizations and institutions, including the European Commission, UNESCO, and the Council of Europe. The initiative advocates for a more inclusive and diverse approach to scholarly communication, which will enable scientists from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds to participate fully in the global scientific community.

Lack of mentorship. Ukrainian scholars often face a daunting challenge due to the scarcity of mentorship and support from seasoned researchers in their respective fields. This deficiency in mentorship not only hampers their academic progression but also significantly complicates the intricate process of manuscript submission to international journals, jeopardizing the chances of their work being accepted and recognized on a global scale. A few concrete examples further elucidate how the lack of mentorship manifests in the academic journey of Ukrainian scholars:

  • Navigating Complex Submission Guidelines. International journals typically have intricate submission guidelines and formatting requirements that can be perplexing, especially for early-career researchers. Ukrainian scholars, often grappling with limited guidance, may struggle to decipher these guidelines, resulting in inadvertent errors in their submissions. These errors can lead to unnecessary delays or even rejections.

  • Insufficient Feedback. Constructive feedback is essential for the growth of any researcher. However, without mentorship, Ukrainian scholars may find themselves in a feedback vacuum. This can impede their ability to identify and rectify weaknesses in their research, hindering the development of their academic prowess.

  • Understanding Research Ethics. The nuances of research ethics, such as avoiding plagiarism, proper citation practices, and ethical data collection, are crucial in scholarly work. The absence of mentors leaves Ukrainian scholars vulnerable to ethical pitfalls that could jeopardize their academic integrity and reputation.

  • Networking Opportunities. Mentorship not only imparts knowledge but also opens doors to invaluable networking opportunities. Without mentorship, Ukrainian scholars may miss out on connections with established researchers, limiting their access to collaborative projects, research funding, and a broader academic community.

  • Negotiating Peer Review. The peer review process is a critical aspect of scholarly publishing. Navigating reviewer comments and responding effectively is a skill that is honed through mentorship and experience. Ukrainian scholars without access to mentors may find themselves overwhelmed and ill-equipped to engage in this crucial aspect of the publication process.

Limited funding for publication fees and APCs. Even if a paper is accepted for publication, Ukrainian scholars may struggle to pay the fees and APCs associated with publishing in international journals, which can be prohibitively expensive.

Limited access to international resources and publications: Ukrainian scholars may have limited access to resources such as databases, software, and funding, which can hinder their ability to conduct high-quality research and produce papers that meet the standards of international journals. Ukrainian scholars often have limited access to international academic journals and publications due to language barriers and limited resources for subscriptions. Many scientific journals and databases are only available to subscribers or those who can pay for access. As a result, Ukrainian scientists may face difficulties accessing the latest research findings and scientific literature. This problem is particularly acute in Ukraine, where researchers may have limited access to funding for scientific research and may not be able to afford the costs associated with accessing these databases and articles. Furthermore, many Ukrainian universities and research institutions may not have access to the latest research publications due to limited resources and funding.

To address this issue, there are a number of initiatives and organizations working to increase access to scientific literature and databases for researchers in Ukraine. For example, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine provides access to a number of scientific databases and electronic journals for its members. Additionally, international initiatives such as the Research4Life program aim to provide free or low-cost access to scientific literature and databases for researchers in low- and middle-income countries, including Ukraine. Ukrainian scientists have been granted free access to full-text e-resources through the Research4Life.

Challenges of Publishing During Wartime

The challenges of publishing academic research results (monographs/books, research articles, reviews, communications, viewpoints, special issues, etc.) are complex and multifaceted. In a survey of Ukrainian researchers on Facebook, Fiialka (Fiialka, 2022) identified several obstacles to publishing during the Russian invasion, with the most common responses being psychological discomfort and lack of funding. Some of the key challenges encountered by the Microprocessor Technology Lab at the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics include:

Limited access to research facilities and damage to infrastructure. The full-scale military aggression of the Russian Federation has disrupted academic institutions, universities, and research facilities, making it difficult for scientists to access necessary resources and conduct experiments. Challenges include the displacement and dispersal of researchers, military service, and disruption and destruction of research and communication infrastructures.

Ukrainian universities and research institutions often lack the necessary infrastructure and resources to support cutting-edge research, particularly in fields such as science and technology, a situation that has been exacerbated by the extensive damage resulting from Russia's full-scale invasion, with an estimated cost of $150.5 billion at replacement value (KSE Institute, 2023).

Education is one of the most severely impacted sectors, with documented damages from the destruction of educational facilities reaching $9.7 billion. Nearly 3,400 educational facilities have suffered damage due to hostilities, with the highest losses observed in the Kharkiv, Donetsk, Chernihiv, Zaporizhzhya, and Kyiv regions.

Russian attacks have also disrupted power, water, and internet services. To alleviate these challenges, some Ukrainian scholars have sought to acquire Starlink satellite internet service, often using personal funds, in order to gain a reliable connection to dispersed colleagues.

Limited access to scientometric databases and full-text articles. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has exacerbated the challenges Ukrainian scholars face accessing scientific literature, including the further reduction of funding available to purchase access to scientometric databases and full-text articles.

In response to these challenges, publishers have provided free resources to support Ukrainian scientists. Elsevier’s Ukraine Academic Support provides Ukrainian researchers free access to research and publishing databases and tools, including ScienceDirect and Scopus, and waives APCs for corresponding authors affiliated with a Ukrainian institution. Ukraine Medical Support provides Ukrainian researchers access to medical resources, such as ClinicalKey, Complete Anatomy, Osmosis. Additionally, access to Scopus is also preserved for institutions that previously connected to it through the State Scientific and Technical Library of Ukraine.

Clarivate has created a resource center, which contains a list of electronic resources, access to tools, and information to support displaced researchers from Ukraine. 

Martial law. The Ukrainian government may place restrictions on researchers to control the narrative around the conflict, potentially limiting the types of research that can be published.

Funding challenges. The war in Ukraine has had a significant impact on the country's economy, which can make it challenging for researchers to secure funding for their research projects. The National Research Foundation of Ukraine, a government agency responsible for supporting and promoting scientific research in Ukraine, is Ukraine’s primary research funding agency. Its mission is to facilitate the development of science and technology in Ukraine, enhance the country's international research competitiveness, and promote scientific education and outreach. The Foundation provides funding and support for research projects in a range of fields, including natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. It oversees the development of research infrastructure and collaborates with international partners to facilitate knowledge exchange and cooperation. 

Due to Russia's military invasion and aggression against Ukraine, the Foundation redirected all research funds to the Ukrainian army, including all funding for the Microprocessor Technology Lab.

Security concerns. Researchers may face security risks while conducting research in conflict zones or areas of military activity. This can make it challenging to conduct fieldwork or collect data.

Disruptions to peer review processes. The conflict can disrupt the peer review process, which is crucial for ensuring the quality and validity of research articles. Reviewers may face challenges accessing research articles due to disruptions in transportation and supply chains, as well as power and internet outages after rocket shelling on critical infrastructure by Russian troops.

Special Issue of International Journal of Telerehabilitation

The International Journal of Telerehabilitation was launched in 2008, and was the first open access journal published at the University of Pittsburgh Library System. The journal’s volunteer staff, reviewers, and editorial board hail from rehabilitation associated disciplines.

As is the norm in the discipline, the journal practices double-anonymous peer review, with two to three anonymous reviewers who do not know the identity of the author. This kind of peer review for the journal usually takes four weeks for one round. The journal publishes two issues per year, one in June and one in December.

This review and publication schedule for the journal served its usual author and reader base well, but when a submission came in from colleagues in Ukraine during wartime, the editor-in-chief, Ellen Cohn, and her entire editorial team knew that this schedule would need to be expedited. The editors contacted reliable reviewers in the discipline and identified the need for an expedited review. Since everyone’s mind was on Ukraine at that time, the reviewers agreed and reviewed the article immediately, resulting in a 36-hour review turnaround, the fastest in the history of the journal. With the authors’ quick response to their reviews and the attention of the editors, the article was ready to publish within days rather than weeks.

Rather than wait for the regular issue in June, the journal team contacted the publishing staff at the University of Pittsburgh Library System and communicated the urgency of the article. A solution was identified: a special issue of the journal devoted to this article, with an open possibility for rapid publication of any other articles from Ukraine during wartime in this same special issue.

Special issues have received quite a bit of attention in the publishing world at the time of the writing of this case study, particularly relating to a perceived overuse of special issues and the connection of this practice to illegitimate publishing operations (see, e.g., Oviedo-García, 2021). However, special issues are an established practice in journal publishing for putting together relevant collections of material on a timely subject (Meijer & Webster, 2022). It was the publisher and editorial team’s conclusion that a research dispatch from a respected institution in a new war zone was an obvious, indisputable reason for a special issue from a journal. However, because of the circumstances, the teams also knew that there would be additional special considerations and sensitivities that would also make this particular item unusual in the journal’s history. After consultation with the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies and University Center for International Studies, the editors made the choice to protect the identities of the authors and participants in the article by not publishing photographs of the research teams that originally had been included with the article submission. 

Ultimately, the article was published on May 20, 2022, as part of a Special Issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation titled “Research Status Report—Ukraine” (Palagin et al., 2022). The article was accompanied by an editorial explaining the circumstances of the publication and introducing the editorial team (Cohn, 2022).  

Library Publishing Networks

After the response and publication of the research report, the editorial team of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation was contacted about an at-risk monograph from the same research institute. The editors reached out again to the University of Pittsburgh Library System’s publishing team for assistance with this request.

The Pitt Open Library Publishing program is an imprint of the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh, which publishes the International Journal of Telerehabilitation. This service is well-positioned to publish journals and articles, as well as advise on ethical and logistical issues associated with journal publishing. However, the team had limited experience with monographs and the program lacked the most up-to-date expertise and infrastructure to publish scholarly books. However, because the University of Pittsburgh Library System has long been an active member of the Library Publishing Coalition, the resources of the Coalition were well known to the staff. In a stroke of luck, the Library Publishing Forum had just been held in Pittsburgh in May 2022, hosted by the Pitt Open Library Publishing staff. Several organizations had just presented their programs, and a new version of the Library Publishing Directory had just been developed.

Rather than create a new library service model quickly to accommodate the request, the team at Pitt Open Library Publishing knew that reaching out to this community to make a referral to an established program was the right choice. Just as the journal had the expertise and infrastructure to accommodate the article request and provide a responsive solution, the team knew that colleagues at other library publishing organizations would likely be better positioned to provide a rapid, responsive solution for the at-risk monograph.

Using the tools of the Directory and notes from the most recent Library Publishing Forum, Lauren Collister, who was the director of Pitt Open Library Publishing at the time of the request, was easily able to identify three library publishers with promising programs. Because a campus connection was highly unlikely for this monograph, the referral would need to go to a program willing to publish something not affiliated with a specific campus. Collister searched the Library Publishing Directory for publishers of monographs and those that identified themselves as publishers of “journals contracted by external groups.” Collister contacted the first of these three allied programs, Iowa State’s library publishing program, to explain the situation. A discussion proceeded to identify whether this monograph was a good candidate for their program and whether they were interested in a referral. Only after conducting this negotiation between publishers was the formal referral made with an introduction by email.

This referral process was crucial and represents an important service that library publishers can offer to potential authors and editors of publications. Since a community exists for library publishers, and many of their staff know and regularly connect with each other, individuals from publishing organizations can remove some of the barriers that authors may face in finding a publisher. Collister could have provided the editors and authors from Ukraine a list of possible interested publishers and let them make contact on their own. However, the professional connection between Collister at the University of Pittsburgh and Harrison W. Inefuku at Iowa State University helped to expedite the referral and develop a sense of trust with the authors. Collister was able to express her full confidence in Iowa State’s publishing program, which was reassuring for the editorial team and the authors. This helped expedite the process and reduced the burden on the authors, who were already facing the daily trauma of living in an active war zone. This relationship building and referral process can be a model for other library publishers who want to support a project but know that they might not be the best possible option for a particular publication. It requires both humility and bravery to say, “We think this is a great project and want to support it,” while admitting, “We, ourselves, are not set up to do so.”

In this instance, the referral was supported by the existence of the Library Publishing Directory, a resource provided by the Library Publishing Coalition and supported by library publishers from around the world. Care in the details of a publisher’s listing in this resource means that it can be useful for situations such as the one described in this case study. Without other library publishers indicating that they are open to external groups, this referral would not have been possible. This case study shows the benefit of the community of library publishers and the resources that they collaboratively create: any member can reach out to the network to help ease the path for these publications and reduce the burden for authors, whether they are dealing with the traumas of war, an exploitative corporate publishing process, or systemic discrimination.

Monographs and Books

The Iowa State University Digital Press is the library publishing program of the Iowa State University Library. It launched in 2019, publishing open access journals, conference proceedings, and books in Janeway, an open-source scholarly publishing platform. Several aspects of the Digital Press’s book publishing program allowed Inefuku to offer its publishing services to the Microprocessor Technology Lab when contacted by Collister.

The Digital Press is in the process of expanding its book publishing program: prior to publishing the Microprocessor Technology Lab’s monographs, the majority of books published by the Digital Press were open textbooks and digitized copies of books published by the defunct Iowa State University Press that had fallen into the public domain. In preparation for increased book publishing, the Digital Press had purchased ISBNs that could be assigned to its books, allowing it to meet the Lab’s needs to have ISBNs registered for their monographs.

There is also no affiliation requirement to publish through the Digital Press—while some library publishers require an author or editor to be affiliated with the host institution, the Digital Press welcomes publications from authors and editors unaffiliated with Iowa State University, so long as the publication’s subject matter is reflected in Iowa State’s research and curricular offerings.

The Digital Press’s diversity statement welcomes publications written in languages other than English, and the Iowa State University Library is a signatory of the Helsinki Initiative on Multilingualism in Scholarly Communication, which encourages researchers to publish their work in a variety of languages. As such, although the majority of chapters in the first two monographs were written in Ukrainian, the language of writing did not present a barrier to publication through the Digital Press.

The Digital Press tailors its publishing workflows to the needs of the authors, with peer review, copyediting, and typesetting available on request of the author. For the Microprocessor Technology Lab’s monographs, copyediting and typesetting were managed by the editorial team, with a camera-ready copy of the monograph provided to the Digital Press. If the Lab had required copyediting for their monographs, there were several paths the Digital Press could have pursued to identify a copyeditor who could work in Ukrainian, including seeking leads from the editorial team or the local Department of World Languages and Cultures, or contacting colleagues in Ukraine for recommendations.

Once PDFs of the monographs were delivered to the Digital Press, Inefuku assigned ISBNs and DOIs, and worked with Malakhov on updating the PDF to reflect the new identifiers, as well as any other requested edits. When the final PDFs were received, the monographs were published using Janeway’s books plugin.

The Digital Press’s partnership with the Microprocesor Technology Lab has been productive and meaningful. Publishing monographs for the lab has provided the Digital Press opportunities to expand its book publishing program, gain experience with registering ISBNs for its books, and support Ukrainian researchers impacted by war. This partnership was made possible through networks developed through the Library Publishing Coalition.

Next Steps

In 2023, the Foundation planned to partially resume grant funding of projects, including the Microprocessor Technology Lab’s Development of the cloud-based platform for patient-centered rehabilitation of oncology patients with mathematical-related modeling project (Open Funder Registry:, Application ID: 2021.01/0136).

A special research team from the Microprocessor Technology Lab at the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics, led by DSc (Doctor of Sciences in Technical Sciences) Mykola Petrenko, is working on the fundamental project—the development of the ontology-related system for semantic processing of scientific digital libraries of scientific publications (Palagin et al., 2017; Petrenko et al., 2022; Malakhov et al., 2023) using technologies of Information Retrieval, and Knowledge Discovery in open databases with an emphasis on technologies and instruments of Semantic Web, cognitive graphics, and Large Language Models—OpenAI GPT-3.5, GPT-4, Vicuna, Orca-mini, etc. (Palagin et al., 2014; Palagin et al., 2018; Palagin et al., 2023). Open access publishing is a critical factor in ensuring that citation databases and digital libraries/repositories remain relevant and up-to-date sources of scholarly information. The availability of open access publications allows for greater accessibility and dissemination of research, enabling researchers and scholars from around the world to access important information without being restricted by financial or geographical barriers. Furthermore, open access publishing can also promote the sharing and collaboration of knowledge among researchers. When research is openly available, it can be more easily integrated into new studies, leading to the development of new ideas and advancements in a field. This can lead to a more rapid pace of discovery and innovation. The key purpose of the project is to implement the Brooks formula for acquiring new knowledge (Palagin, 2006; Palagin, 2013; Petrenko et al., 2022).

The International Journal of Telerehabilitation(with the support of Pitt Open Library Publishing) and Iowa State University Digital Press are committed to assisting the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics with its publishing needs. Pitt Open Library Publishing and the Iowa State University Digital Press are interested in continuing the conversation and development of approaches to assist researchers at risk.


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Fiialka, S. (2022). Assessment of war effects on the publishing activity and scientific interests of Ukrainian scholars. Knowledge and Performance Management, 6(1), 27–37.

Inefuku, H. W., Malakhov, K. S., Collister, L. B., & Cohn, E. R. (2022, July 27). Library publishers rally to disseminate the work of Ukrainian scholars. Library Publishing Coalition Blog.

Malakhov, K., Petrenko, M., & Cohn, E. (2023). Developing an ontology-based system for semantic processing of scientific digital libraries. South African Computer Journal, 35(1), 19–36.

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Palagin, O. V., Malahov, K. S., Velychko, V. Yu., & Shchurov, O. S. (2017). Designing and program implementation of the subsystem for creation and use of the ontological knowledge base of the scientific employee publications. Problems in programming, 2, 72–81.

Palagin, O. V., Petrenko, M. G., & Malakhov, K. S. (2018). Information technology and integrated tools for support of the smart systems research design. Control Systems and Computers, 2(274), 19–30.

Palagin, O., Petrenko, M., Velychko, V., & Malakhov, K. (2014). Development of formal models, algorithms, procedures, engineering and functioning of the software system “Instrumental complex for ontological engineering purpose.” CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 1843, 221–232.

Petrenko, M. G., Palagin, O. V., Boyko, M. O., & Matveyshyn, S. M. (2022). Knowledge-oriented tool complex for developing databases of scientific publications and taking into account Semantic Web technology. Control Systems and Computers, 3(299), 11–28.

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